What is a Nebulizer?
- A Nebulizer is a device for administering a medication by spraying a fine particle mist into the nose. Also known as an atomizer. Nebulizers change asthma medication from a liquid to a particularized mist, so that it can be more easily inhaled into the lungs.
The use of inhaled aerosol medications for the treatment of pulmonary diseases, which became well-established in the last half of the 20th century, has advantages over oral and parenteral routes of delivery. The use of inhaled aerosols allows selective treatment of the lungs directly by achieving high drug concentrations in the airway while reducing systemic adverse effects by minimizing systemic drug levels
How to use a Nebulizer:
- A nebulizer is the optimal delivery method of medication to the lungs. However, some users may find it difficult to use, especially very young children. In this case, an aerosol mask can be utilized. To ensure that the proper mask is utilized, please consult your home health provider or physician.
The most important aspect of taking a treatment is the patient breathing pattern while inhaling the medication mist.
- It should be slow and deep, all attempts should be made to sit up straight and breathe in deep.
- A general rule of thumb is to attempt to breathe in so deeply that it feels as though the lungs are completely full of air and inhaling any additional air is impossible. If possible, hold your breath unless directed otherwise by your physician and then slowly exhale through the nebulizer mouthpiece or mask. Holding your breath after inhaling the medication allows for optimal absorption of medication in the lungs.
- Repeat this breathing pattern for the entire treatment.
- The length of a treatment can last anywhere from 5 to 20 minutes, depending on the amount of medication and the performance of your compressor and nebulizer system. When you cannot see any medication in the nebulizer cup and the nebulizer has stopped producing a mist, the treatment has been completed.
- Turn off your compressor and follow the Cleaning instructions found in this instruction guide.
- If you have any additional questions regarding your equipment, medication, or treatment, please consult your physician.